Maria Salomé Bezerra Espinola, Gabriele Bilotta, Cesare Aragona

To assess whether oral supplementation of vitamin D3, myo-inositol, folic acid and melatonin affects IVF outcomes. One hundred and twenty consecutive infertile women attending IVF treatment were 1:1 randomly distributed in two groups. Women in group A (control) were assigned to receive myo-inositol, alpha-lactalbumin and folic acid in the morning, and myo-inositol, folic acid and melatonin in the evening. Women in group B (treated) were assigned to receive analogous treatment, with the addition of cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) in the evening from the early beginning of the luteal phase. 50 patients in group A and 50 in group B underwent blastocyst transfer and were considered in the statistical analysis. Vitamin D3 levels significantly increased after 45 days of treatment: 33.2 ng/ml in group B Vs. 24.3 ng/ml in group A (p < .0001). The implantation rate increased as well: 37.1% in group B Vs. 19.2% in group A (p < .0151). Overall, the results indicate that increased vitamin D3 levels positively correlate with the implantation rate in IVF. Because of the low number of participants, these findings need to be confirmed with larger cohorts of patients.